In this article, you will learn about safety regulations and building codes for ethanol fireplaces in the United States.
Bioethanol fireplaces are an innovative alternative to traditional wood and gas fireplaces. Needing no flues, chimneys or natural gas hookups, these fireplaces are fueled with ethanol (also known as alcohol) that burns clean without emitting any harmful toxins into the air, with only harmless water vapor produced as a byproduct and a small amount of Carbon Dioxide. This means that with ethanol fireplaces anyone can enjoy a warming fireplace anywhere they wish.
Related Article: What is an Ethanol Fireplace?
There are no legal or other regulations from government bodies or other organizations for decorative fireplaces that run on alcohol. However, ethanol fireplaces are to be used with common sense. Alway follow installation and safety instructions provided by the manufacturer. The flame should never be left unattended and you should have a window in the room with an ethanol-run fireplace, which you can open if it gets too hot.
The U.S. Fire Administration and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) consider ethanol fireplaces suitable for home use. “The safety guidelines are pretty much the same as a regular fireplace,” said the NFPA’s Judy Comoletti. (http://www.wsj.com/articles/one-fire-please-hold-the-soot-1449170833)
Ethanol (Bioethanol) fireplaces are classified as decorative fireplace appliances intended for occasional use only (not for heating) and are currently not subject to building regulation in the United States. However, we recommend calling your local architect or fire department for code compliance questions.
Here is an online resource for building codes by state: http://www.cmdgroup.com/building-codes/
You might also want to check with your home insurance company if they have any restrictions if you are installing a built-in unit. Some insurance companies require UL certification. You can find all UL Listed Ethanol Fireplaces HERE.
To sum it up, there are no safety regulations or known building codes for ethanol fireplaces in the United States. In general, ethanol fireplaces can be safely used anywhere indoors as long as they are installed and used according to the manufacturer’s directions. However, it’s a real fire, and therefore a fire can be started if you’re careless with the product. Please make sure you carefully read and follow installation and safety instructions. Use common sense and be safe!